2019- , Published at SUNY ESF 


41. Zhuang, J.; Kim, S.; Li, Y.; Nonkumwong, J.; Srisombat, L.; Kim, K. H.; Wie, J. J.; Leem, G.; Yoo, C. G. MgFe2O4 Nanoparticle/Peracetic Acid Hybrids for Catalytic Oxidative Depolymerization of Lignin.  Accepted, 2023. (Selected supplementary artwork)

cover artwork-ACS ANM

40. Kim, S.; Kang, H. C.; Chu, C.; Li, S.; Yoo, K.; Wijethunga, U. K.; Zheng, W.; Yoo, C. G.; Sherman, B.; Lee, J.-J.; Leem. G. Solar Energy Driven C-C Bond Cleavage in a Lignin Model Compound with a D–π–A Organic Dye-Sensitized Photoanode. Sustainable Energy & Fuels 2023, 7, 2339-2348. (Selected front art cover)


39. MacSwain, W.; Lin, H.; Li, Z.-J.; Li, S.; Chu, C.; Leem, G.; Zheng, W. Facilitated Electron Transfer by Mn dopants in 1-Dimensional CdS Nanorods for Enhanced Photocatalytic Hydrogen Generation. J. Mater. Chem. A. 2023, 11, 7066-7076.

38. Darasoon, K.; Hoijang, S.; Kunakham, T.; Janhom, S.; Ananta, S.; Leem, G.; Srisombat, Laongnuan. Chemical Etching of Silica Nanoparticles for Enhanced Removal Efficiency of Paraquat from Aqueous Solution. Chiang Mai Journal of Science, 2023, vol 50, issue 1.

37. Li, S.; Park, S.; Sherman, B.; Yoo, C. G.; Leem, G. Photocatalytic Chemical Transformations in Lignin. Chem. Commun. 2023, 59, 401-403.


36. Kim, S.; Sherman, B.; Leem, G. Photoelectrochemical hydrogen evolution from biomass conversion using perovskite solar cells. Chem Catalysis, 2022, 2, 2837-2839.

35. Mer, K.; Egiebor, N. O.; Tao, W.; Sajjadi, B.; Wijethunga, U. K. ; Leem, G.  Capacitive Removal of Pb ions via Electrosorption on Novel Willow Biochar – Manganese Dioxide Composites. Environmental Technology, 2022, 1-42. DOI:10.1080/09593330.2022.2135028.


34. McMillan, N. K.; Purvis, M. E.; Lopez, D. A.; Leem, G.; Sherman, B. D. BiVO4 Photoanodes for TEMPO-Mediated Benzyl Alcohol Oxidation in Organic Media. ChemPlusChem, 202287, e202200187. DOI:10.1002/cplu.202200187.cplu202200187-toc-0001-m

33. Kim, T. H.; Nam, D. H.; Kim, D.-H.; Leem, G.; Lee, S. Fabrication of Multi-Vacancy-Defect MWCNTs by the Removal of Metal Oxide Nanoparticles. Polymers, 2022, 14, 2942. DOI:10.3390/polym14142942.

32. Zhuang; J.; Kim, K.- H.; Jia, L.; Meng, X.; Kumar, D.; Leem, G.; Kang, S. B.; Li, Y.; Ragauskas, A. J.; Hou, Y.; Yoo, C. G. Synergetic Impacts of the Ferric Chloride Aided Peracetic Acid Pretreatment on Sugarcane Bagasse Conversion. Fuel 2022, 319,123739. DOI:10.1016/j.fuel.2022.123739.

31. Li, S.; Shuler, E. W.; Willinger, D.; Nguyen, H. T.; Kim, S.; Kang, H. C.; Lee, J. J.; Zheng, W.; Yoo, C. G.; Sherman, B.; Leem, G. Enhanced Photocatalytic Alcohol Oxidation at the Interface of RuC-coated TiO2 Nanorod Arrays. ACS Appl. Mater. & Interfaces 2022,14, 22799–22809.  DOI:10.1021/acsami.1c20795. (Invited to the Early Career Forum special issue 2022; ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2022, 14, 20, 22679–22680)


30. Li, S.; Wijethunga, U. K.; Davis, A. H.; Kim, S.; Zheng, W.; Sherman, B.; Yoo, C. G.; Leem, G. Ru(II) Polypyridyl-Modified TiO2 Nanoparticles for Photocatalytic C-C/C-O Bond Cleavage at Room Temperature. ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 2022, 5, 948-956. DOI:10.1021/acsanm.1c03622.


29. Yoo, S.; Nam, D. H.; Singh, T. I.; Leem, G.; Lee, S. Effect of Reducing agents on the Synthesis of Anisotropic Gold Nanoparticles. Nano Converg. 2022, 9: 5. DOI:10.1186/s40580-021-00291-1.


28. Davis, A. H.; Li, S.; Chu, C.; Lin, H.; Franck, J. M.; Leem, G.; Maye, M. M.; Zheng, W. Ligand-Mediated Synthesis of Chemically Tailored Two-Dimensional All-Inorganic Perovskite Nanoplatelets Under Ambient Conditions. J. Mater. Chem. C. 2021, 9, 14226-14235. DOI:10.1039/D1TC02931B

27. Wang Y.; Meng, X.; Tian, Y.; Kim, K. H.; Jia, L.; Pu, Y.; Leem, G.; Kumar, D.; Eudes, A.; Ragauskas, A. J.; Yoo, C. G. Engineered Sorghum Bagasse Enables a Sustainable Biorefinery with p-Hydroxybenzoic Acid-Based Deep Eutectic Solvent. ChemSusChem. 2021, 14, 1-11. DOI:10.1002/cssc.202101492

26. Sherman, B. D.; Bodiford, N.; Beeri, D.; Leem, G. Sustainable Hydrogen Production from Water Using Tandem Dye-sensitized Photoelectrochemical Cells. Nano Converg. 2021, 8 (7), 1-12. DOI:10.1186/s40580-021-00257-8.

25. Li, S.; Kim, S.; Davis, A. H.; Zhuang, J.; Shuler, E. W.; Beeri, D.; Zheng, W.; Lee, J.-J.; Sherman, B. D.; Yoo, C. G.; Leem, G. Photocatalytic Chemoselective C-C Bond Cleavage at Room Temperature in Dye-Sensitized Photoelectrochemical Cells. ACS Catal. 2021, 11, 3771-3781. DOI:10.1021/acscatal.1c00198.


24. Davis, K.; Yoo, S.; Shuler, E. W.; Sherman, B. D.; Lee, S. H.; Leem, G. Photocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution from Biomass Conversion. Nano Converg. 2021, 8 (6), 1-19. DOI: 10.1186/s40580-021-00256-9.


23. Wang, Y; Meng, X.; Jeong, K.; Li, S.; Leem, G.; Kim, K. H.; Ragauskas, A. J.; Yoo, C. G.  A Closed-Loop Biorefinery using Lignin-Based Deep Eutectic Solvents for Efficient Conversion of Woody Biomass. ACS Sustainable Chem. & Eng. 2020,  8, 12542-12553. DOI:10.1021/acssuschemeng.0c03533.

22. Li, Z.-J.; Li, S.; Davis, A.; Hofman, E.; Leem, G.; Zheng, W. Enhanced Singlet Oxygen Generation by Hybrid Mn-Doped Nanocomposites for the Selective Photo-Oxidation of Benzylic Alcohols. Nano Res. 2020, 13, 1668-1676. DOI:10.1007/s12274-020-2790-0.

21. Li, Z.-J.; Li, S.; Hofman, E.; Davis, A. H.; Leem, G.; Zheng, W. Visible-Light Induced Disproportionation of Pyrrole Derivatives for Photocatalyst-Free Aryl Halides Reduction. Green Chemistry, 2020, 22, 1911-1918. DOI:10.1039/C9GC04248B.

20. Li, S.; Li, Z.-J.; Yu, H.; Sytu, R. M.; Wang, Y.; Beeri, D.; Zheng, W.; Sherman, B. D.; Yoo, C. G.; Leem, G. Solar-Driven Lignin Oxidation via Hydrogen Atom Transfer with a Dye-Sensitized TiO2 Photoanode. ACS Energy Lett., 2020, 5, 777-784. DOI: 10.1021/acsenergylett.9b02391.



19. Asgari, P.; Hua, Y.; Bokka, A.; Thiamsiri, C.; Prasitwatcharakorn, W.; Kaderath, A.; Chen, X.; Sardar, S.; Yum, K. ; Leem, G.; Pierce, B. S.; Nam, K.; Gao, J.; Jeon, J. Catalytic Hydrogen Atom Transfer from Hydrosilanes to Vinylarenes by Alkali Metal Lewis Base Catalyst for Hydrosilylation and Polymerization. Nature Catalysis 2019, 2, 164-173. DOI: 10.1038/s41929-018-0217-z.

2006-2018 Published (Prior to SUNY ESF)

18. Wang, J.; Price, R. S.; Leem, G.; Jiang, J.; Abboud, K. A.; Schanze, K. S. Interaction of a Poly(phenylene vinylene) with an Organometallic Lewis Acid Additive. Fundamentals and Application in Polymer Solar Cells. Chem. Mater. 2018, 30, 5968-5977. DOI:10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b02152.

17. Eom, Y. K.; Nhon, L.;  Leem, G.; Sherman, B. D.; Wang, D.; Troian-Gautier, L.;  Kim, S.;  Kim, J.; Meyer, T. J.; Reynolds, J. R. ; Schanze, K. S. Visible-Light-Driven Photocatalytic Water Oxidation by a π‑Conjugated Donor−Acceptor−Donor Chromophore/Catalyst
Assembly. ACS Energy Lett., 2018, 3, 2114–2119. DOI:10.1021/acsenergylett.8b01020.

16. Leem, G.; Black, H. T.; Shan, B.; Bantang, J. P. O.; Meyer, T. J.; Reynolds, J. R.; Schanze, K. S.  Photocathode Assembly via Layer-By-Layer Deposition of a Low Band-Gap Isoindigo Polyelectrolyte with a Proton Reduction Catalyst. ACS Appl. Energy Mater. 2018, 1, 62-67. DOI:10.1021/acsaem.7b00223.

15. Leem, G.*; Sherman, B. D.; Schanze, K. S.* Polymer-Based Chromophore-Catalyst Assemblies for Solar Energy Conversion. Nano Convergence 2017, 4, 37. DOI:10.1186/s40580-017-0132-z.

14. Jiang, J.; Sherman, B. D.; Zhao, Y.; He, R.; Ghiviriga, I.; Alibabaei, L.; Meyer, T. J.; Leem, G.*; Schanze, K. S.* Polymer Chromophore-Catalyst Assembly for Solar Fuel Generation. ACS Appl. Mater. & Interfaces 2017, 9, 19529-19534. DOI:10.1021/acsami.7b05173.

13. Leem, G.; Sherman, B. D.; Burnett, A. J.; Morseth, Z. A.; Wee, K. R.; Papanikolas, J. M.; Meyer, T. J.; Schanze, K. S. Light-Driven Water Oxidation Using Polyelectrolyte Layer-by-Layer Chromophore–Catalyst Assemblies. ACS Energy Lett. 2016, 1, 339-343. DOI:10.1021/acsenergylett.6b00171.

12. Leem, G.; Morseth, Z. A.; Wee, K. R.; Junlin, J.; Papanikolas, J. M.; Schanze, K. S. Polymer-based Ruthenium(II) Polypryridyl Chromophores on TiO2 for Solar Energy Conversion. Chem. Asian J. 2016, 11, 1257-1267. (Invited submission for the Energy Conversion and Storage Special Issue). DOI:10.1002/asia.201501384.

11. Leem, G.; Jiang, J.; Chen, Z.; Pho, T.; Hu, Z.; Keinan, S.; Puodziukynaite, E.; Kanai, Y.; Reynolds, J. R.; Papanikolas, J. M.; Schanze, K. S. Ru(bpy)32+ Derivatized Polystyrenes Constructed by Nitroxide-Mediated Living Radical Polymerization. Relationship between Polymer Chain Length, Structure and Photophysical Properties. Polym. Chem. 2015, 6. 8184-8193. DOI: 10.1039/C5PY01289A. 

10. Pan, Z.; Leem, G.; Cekli, S.; Schanze, K. S. Polymer Aggregation and Its Effect on Dye-sensitized Solar Cell Efficiency. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2015, 7, 16601-16608. DOI:10.1021/acsami.5b04162.

9. Morseth, Z. A.; Wang, L.; Puodziukynaite, E.; Leem, G.; Gilligan, A. T.; Meyer, T. J.; Schanze, K. S.; Reynolds, J. R.; Papanikolas, J. M. Ultrafast Dynamics in Multifunctional Ru(II)-Loaded Polymers for Solar Energy Conversion. Acc. Chem. Res. 2015, 48, 818-827. DOI:10.1021/ar500382u.

8. Leem, G.; Morseth, Z.; Puodziukynaite, E.; Papanikolas, J. M.; Reynolds, J. R.; Schanze, K. S. Light-Harvesting and Charge Separation in a p-Conjugated Antenna Polymer Bound to TiO2. J. Phys. Chem. C 2014, 118, 28535-28541. DOI:10.1021/jp5113558.

7. Cariati, E.; Cavallo, G.; Forni, A.; Leem, G.; Metrangolo, P.; Meyer, F.; Pilati, T.; Resnati, G.; Righetto, S.; Terraneo, G.; Tordin, E. Self-Complementary Nonlinear Optical-Phores Targeted to Halogen Bond-Driven Self-Assembly of Electro-Optic Materials. Crystal Growth & Des. 2011, 11, 5642-5648. DOI:10.1021/cg201194a.

6. Leem, G.; Zhang, S.; Jamison, A. C.; Galstyan, E.; Rusakova, I.; Lorenz, B.; Litvinov, D.; Lee, T. R. Light-Induced Covalent Immobilization of Monolayers of Magnetic Nanoparticles on Hydrogen-Terminated Silicon. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2010, 2, 2789-2796. DOI:10.1021/am100457v.

5. Leem, G.; Saranqi, S.; Zhang, S.; Rusakova, I.; Brazdeikis, A.; Lee, T. R. Surfactant-Controlled Size and Shape Evolution of Magnetic Nanoparticles. Crystal Growth & Des. 2009, 9, 32-34. 10.1021/cg8009833.

4. Zhang, S.; Leem, G.; Lee, T. R. Monolayer-Protected Gold Nanoparticles Prepared Using Long-Chain Alkanethioacetates. Langmuir 2009, 25, 13855-13860. DOI:10.1021/la901847s.

3. Leem, G.; Jamison, A. C.; Zhang, S.; Litvinov, D.; Lee, T. R. Facile Synthesis, Assembly, and Immobilization of Ordered Arrays of Monodisperse Magnetic Nanoparticles on Silicon Substrates. Chem. Commun. 2008, 4989-4991. DOI:10.1039/B804633F.

2. Zhang, S.; Leem, G.; Srismbat, L.; Lee, T. R. Rationally Designed Ligands that Inhibit the Aggregation of Large Gold Nanoparticles in Solution. J. Am Chem. Soc. 2008, 130, 113-120. DOI:10.1021/ja0724588.

1. Prulliere, F; Leem, G.; Reisinger, N. C.; Lee, T. R. Preparation and Characterization of Conducting Polymer shell/ core composite nanoparticles. Curr. Top. Coll. Int. 2006, 7, 19.

Book Chapters

3. Singh, T. I.; Li, S.; Leem, G.; Lee, S. “Photocatalytic hydrogen production by the reforming of biomass” in Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production for Sustainable Energy, Puga, A. (Eds.), ISBN 978-3-527-34983-8 (Hard Cover) and 978-3-527-83543-0 (E-Book), Wiley-VCH GmbH, 2023. DOI:10.1002/9783527835423.ch9.

2. Zhuang, J.; Wang, Y.; Kim, K.H.; Leem, G.; Yoo, C.G. “Depolymerization strategies for lignin valorization.” in Sustainable biorefining of woody biomass to biofuels and biochemicals, Kumar, D.; Kumar, S.; Rajendran K. (Eds.), Elsevier, Submitted, 2022.

1. Li, S.; Davis, K.; Leem, G. “Electrocatalytic and Photocatalytic Approaches to Lignin Conversion.” in Lignin Utilization Strategies: From Processing to Applications, Yoo, C. G. and Ragauskas, A. (Eds.), ACS Symposium Series, 2021, 1377, 97-121. DOI: 10.1021/bk-2021-1377.ch005.


  1. “Super absorbent polymer and a preparation method thereof” T. Y. Won, C. S. Han, G. C. Kim, Y. H. Lee, S. G. Lee, K. P. Kim, S. Park, G. Leem. U.S. Patent 10,086,361 issued October 2, 2018.
  1. “Preparation method of a super absorbent polymer” G. Leem, G. C. Kim, S. G. Lee, K. P. Kim, T. Y. Won, C. S. Han U.S. Patent 9,656,296 issued May 13, 2017.
  1. “Super absorbent polymer and a preparation method thereof” T. Y. Won, C. S. Han, G. C. Kim, Y. H. Lee, S. G. Lee, K. P. Kim, S. Park, G. Leem U.S. Patent 9,517,446 issued December 13, 2016.
  1. “Preparation method of super absorbent polymer” H. M. Lee, G. Leem, T. Y. Won U.S. Patent 14,400,512 issued July 16, 2016.
  1. “Preparation method of super absorbent polymer” T. Y. Won, C. S. Han, G. C. Kim, S. G. Lee, K. P. Kim, S. Park, G. Leem, U.S. Patent 9,029,480 issued May 12, 2015.
  2. “Shredder for super absorbent polymer and preparation method of super absorbent polymer using the same” G. C. Kim, C. S. Han, S. G. Lee, K. P. Kim, S. Park, J. H. Bae, T. Y. Won, G. Leem U.S. Patent 9,120,100 issued September 1, 2015.
  1. “Shredder for super adsorbent polymer and preparation method of super absorbent polymer using the same” G. C. Kim, C. S. Han, S. G. Lee, K. P. Kim, S. Park, J. H. Bae, T. Y. Won, G. Leem U.S. Patent 8,919,683 issued December 30, 2014.
  1. “Preparation method of superabsorbent polymer” T. Y. Won, C. S. Han, G. C. Kim, S. G. Lee, K. P. Kim, S. Park, G. Leem U.S. Patent 8,697,812 issued April 15, 2014.